Soham Mantra
ARCHITECT - ENGINEERS & INTERIOR DESIGNER
ABOUT US
 About us     (SOHAM GROUPS)

 

  Architect& Engineer

 

 

Services

1.   Architect& Engineer-RCC designer, Estimate & valuation- building molding land surveying

2.    Interior designer & decorator- ceiling& floor designs, (drawing room, bed, lobby, kitchen, puja & bath room) designs

3.     Land escaping plasters Paris designs &Vastu consultant

4,    Building contractor, developer & colonizer

5.   Consultant Property-investment& finance

 

    

1. Vastu

Homes are designed and constructed according to the most ancient system of architecture in the world, soham vaastu design

By calculating proper entrances, auspicious slopes, and exposure to sunshine, this system harnesses the subtle and powerful laws of nature that promote health, success, and happiness.  Soham vaastu architecture also emphasizes the use of all-natural, non-toxic, construction materials.

 According to soham vaastu design a building is a means to enliven the connection between individual and cosmic life. Thanks

 

Vastu Shastra [Edifice Science] is one of the most ancient sciences, of architecture. Every one of us lives in a socialy and needs a place to live happily with our family, i.e. called a home. There is a major difference between home and house. House is a structure made up of stones, bricks, cements and linmes, etc, belt home is made of human interaction, if a house does not provide mental peace, it is useless.

  

 1 If possible- Please send us information about your plot

 1 Which side is the plot facing?

            East

           North

           North East

           South East

             West

             South

           North West

           South West

2 Are there any spearing roads?

  East / North East

  South and South West

 West / North West

  North / North West

 North / North East       

 East / South East

  West / South West

3 Which is the side the plot is sloping towards?

           East

           North

           North East

           South East

             West

             South

           North West

           South West

4 Which is the side the plot is raised towards?

           East

           North

           North East

           South East

             West

             South

           North West

           South West

5 What is the shape of the plot?

  Any other shape which can be rectified?

1. Rectangular

2. Square with North East extended 

3.Square

 Triangular or other shape which can be rectified?

1. Hexagonal

2. Circular

3. Octagonal

6 What is the quality of the soil?

  Reddish with pleasant smell 

 Sandy with good surroundings

 Sandy with unpleasant odour

  Yellowish red with pleasant smell

 Yellow with pleasant smell

 Rocky with good surroundings

 Black and marshy soil  Rocky with unpleasant odour

7 Are there any extensions?

  Extensions in West

  Extensions in South

 Any shape having even number of sides with extension in North East    

 Any shape having odd number of sides with   extension in North East

 Extensions in North West     

 Extensions in South East

 Extensions in South West

  Square or rectangle with extension in NE

8 What is the angle of the tilt with respect to the Magnetic Axis of the earth?

           0-5   5-10 10-15         15-20

 20-25          25-30         30-35         35-40

9 What are the Surroundings?

 An electronic substation in the North West

 A lake or water body towards North East

A lake or water body towards East

 An electronic substation in the South East

A lake or water body towards North         

A hill in the South West

A hill in the West

A hill in the South

 

Usefull Vastu Suggestions

1.     Do not construct kitchen, toilets and puja-room next to one another.

 

2.     The kitchen should not be directly in front of the main door.

 

3.     Keep all electrical/heat generating appliances in the SE corner of the room.

 

4.     Keep no broken mirrors in the house.

 

5.     Mirrors, sinks, wash-basins and taps should preferably be along the NE wall.

 

6.     The safe should open towards the north or the east. So, keep it along south or the west.

 

7.     The toilet seat ahould preferably be along the North-South axis. The septic tank can be in the NW or the SE corner of the House.

 

8.     Avoid having garbage dump, street-light pole, or boulders in front of the main gate or door.

 

9.     Your main door should not be opposite the main door of another house.

 

10.                        The number of doors and windows should be more on the ground floor and less on the upper floor.

11.                        The image of Gajalaxmi at the main door is considered auspicious.

12.                        The north-east corner is the face house and should always be kept clean.

13.                        While swabbing the floor with any disinfectant, a little saindhava lavana or sea salt should be added.

14.                        Students should study facing the north or east.

15.                        Do not sit or sleep under a beam.

16.                        Do not hang a painting depicting war, crime, unrest, agony or distress.

17.                        Construct the front door in such a manner as to avoid the fall of a shadow on it.

18.                        Grow a tulsi or basil plant in front of the house.

19.                        Do not have any cactus in the house. Having it outside the boundry is good.

20.                        Rain water or drainage should flow towards NE-East-North.

21.                        Material to be used in the construction activity should always be new, expect in the case of renovation.

22.                        Elderly people are always more comfortable in the South-West corner.

23.                        The height of the building should reduced from the SW to the NE.

24.                        Walls along the SW should be thicker as compared to walls along the NE.

 

25.                        Bhumi-pujan ceremony should be performed before commencing on the construction of a new house and Griha-pravesh ceremony before shifting into it.

26.                        Do not have a toilet or puja room under a staircase.

27.                        A well in the middle of a house or plot is very inauspicious.

 

  2. Land Surveying

 

 

Electronic Theodolites

  • Laser plummet for quick, easy setup
  • LCD display on two sides 
  • Angle and distance measurement with a push of a button
  • Large on-board data storage (8000)
  • Two-way computer communication
  • Automatic compensation for vertical angle
  • Includes software & connecting cable
  •   water-resistant

Optical Theodolites

·         Fully optical (non-electronic) measurement

·         High-quality imaging

·         Operation unaffected by cold temperatures

·         1” Accuracy available

·         Laser-target unit available

·           water-resistant       

 

Land Surveying is a time-honored tradition linked to all acquisition activities, land development and civil engineering works. Our Professional Land Surveyors blend time-proven practices and skills with the use of electronic total data stations, fully robotic instruments, and global positioning equipment to deliver high levels of precision, increased production, and timely service.

Professional Services include:

  • Boundary Surveys
  • Topographic Surveys
  • Right-of-Way Surveys
  • Aerial Surveys
  • Hydrographic Surveys
  • Construction Stake-Out
  • Title Surveys
  • Existing Conditions Surveys
  • Wetlands Surveys

Boundary Surveys 

Boundary Surveys recover or reestablish a property’s corners, thereby defining the limits of the property. Using a system called “metes and bounds,” we identify property lines on a final survey drawing. For all boundary surveys, our bearings are accurate within once second of arc and within one hundreth of a foot for distances. 

Getting Started

Beginning with the public records stored at the county courthouse, we research the boundaries for the land parcel. We also will secure any right-of-way plans from the Department of Transportation, including adjoining road rights-of-way. An interview with the property owner and owners of adjacent properties helps us gather deeds, unrecorded plats, parole evidence, and other information that may be helpful. If the boundary survey needs to adhere to ALTA/ACSM standards, a title inspection report will be requested of the client.

On-Site Visit

Our onsite visit allows us to accurately measure the location using precision surveying equipment. The discovery of “monuments” (typically concrete markers, iron pins, trees or stones) at the property corners is important aspect of the visit. Sometimes these monuments are referenced, and at other times are not. Locating fences, hedges, walls and other boundary elements helps mark the boundary of ownership. We will also assess any improvements that are near property lines in order to determine if encroachments are present. Our survey will include marking the corners of the property with flags or other visible marks.

Presentation

With research documents and field measurements in hand, we analyze and compare the findings for discrepancies. The result is a final determination of the  property’s boundary lines, which is charted on a detailed drawing. If issues or problems are discovered during analysis, we will confer with the client toward potential solutions

   Topographic Surveys

When civil engineers are considering improvements for a given site, surveys showing the contours of the land are critical. We provide topographic surveys that accurately reflect a site’s contours. Using a Topcon digital level, we create the data used to make a topographic map. Our map will also include additional site information, such as parking areas, buildings, and drives. Topographic surveys can show greater detail if requested, including the location of utilities, trees, etc.

As-Built Surveys

A survey of an existing establishment is called an “as-built” survey. This type of survey is often requested for schools, shopping centers, and factory locations. As-built surveys usually include utilities, sewerage disposal systems, parking lots, storm drainage systems and buildings, as well as any other structure or improvement on the site. Our as-built survey will establish the boundaries of a site, and will include a title inspection report. Any exceptions to the title report will also be highlighted and shown on the final survey.

GPS Surveys

Utilizing precision Leica recievers, satellite signals are used to gain the specific position of points on a property. Once the resulting data is loaded into our computer, which processes the information and provides the exact position of the points within a few millimeters. GPS surveys are also helpful in determining lattitude and longitude for cellular tower surveys.

Construction Layout Surveys

Wellston & Associates can provide multiple construction layout services, such as the layout of storm and sewer drainage systems, buildings, curbs, and other features of a site. From new site construction and major building expansions, to road layout, we have the knowledge and experience to help your project run smoothly.

3. ARCHITECT & Engineer   

 

Residential Architectural Work

 

We hold expertise in meeting the demands of residential architectural works. Our team of experienced interior designers have with them extensive experience  to deliver resourceful as well as innovative solutions as desired by our clients.

 

Service Features:

•        Services handled by experiecned designers, engineers and architects

•        Expertise to flawlessly handle complete service areas including planning, designing, developing and executing the project

Expertise in all aspects of architectural construction designing

 

Commercial Architectural Work

We hold expertise in providing solutions for commercial architecture. These services are handled by industry experts and meet the requirements of offices, MNC's, BPO's, malls and other commecial establishments. Our expertise lies in offeirng solutions as per company's work culture, budget, aesthetics as well as specific layouts & floor plans as demanded by the customers.

Our Work Include:

•        Some of the project management areas we closely look into include:

•        Conducting work reviews and ensuring the work in progress is as per drawings and laid down specifications

•        At all stages work is based on the approval of materials, finishes and color samples given by the clients

Supervising all decorative work as well as inspecting all installations at job site

Industrial Architectural Work

We hold expertise in meeting the demands of complete industrial architecture work. The services include understanding and providing solutions as per the specific process and business needs of the clients.

Service Features:

•        Architecture designed keeping in mind size and nature of the product it produces

•        Due care is also taken of the industrial standards being followed while performing the given tasks

Competitively priced

Farm house Architectural Work

We hold expertise in undertaking architectural services for farm houses. The service delivered is backed by experienced architects that allow us to deliver better qualiuty solutions as per the expectations of our clients.

Service Features:

•        Innovative archetecture designs

•        Services handled by experienced architects

Capability to deliver customized solutions as demanded by the customers

 

 4. Interior Designing 

 

We are one of the leading companies offering complete interior designing & architectural related services that are designed and developed to meet the requirements of Residential, Commercial, Institutional and Industrial Sectors. Further, our extensive industry experience as well as capability to deliver customization as demanded by the customers has also helped us to gain prominence in our field.

 

The services offered include:

 

 

Institutional Interior Designing Work

We offer interior designing services for different institutions including corporate offices. Our team of experinced interior designers as well as innovative service approach allow us to offer end solutions as per the expectations of our clients.

Service Features:

•        Capability of providing exclusive & world-class interior designing solutions

•        Expertise in providing a new look to the interiors

Services delivered at attractive prices

Hotel Interior Designing Work

 

 

We hold expertise in offering interior designing services for hotel interiors. Our team of experienced designers hold expertise in handling design projects for restaurants, nightclub and lounge, hotels and other similar areas.

Some of the salient aspects of the services

delivered include:

•        Doing wood work

•        Designing room interiors

•        Painting

•        Utilizing innovative lights, fittings and other accessories

Designing rest rooms and other public and private spaces

Residential Interior Designing

We hiold expertise in meeting the demands of residential interior designing. Our team of interior designers and associated work staff assist us in creating design trends as visualized by the clients. Further, our design expertise also includes innovatively combining different finishes and materials that helps in adding creativity and interest to a space.

Some of the materials we make use of while desivering exclusive interior designing solutions include:

•        Metals: Different type of metal finishes

•        Woods: Use of different type of woods including maple, black walnut

•        Natural fibers: Use of natural fiber based home furnishings like products made of jute

•        Glass: Use of different type of glasses like sandblasted, textured, etched

•        Fabrics: Use of different type of fabrics like plush velvet, silk, cotton & other natural fibers

•        Colors: Use creative mix of colors including neutral tones & bold colors

•        Lighting: Use of different lightings including gels, LED, fiber optic, backlit lighting

Misc: Use of innovative designed faux finishes, floor tiles, granite and all types of stone

Shopping Mall Interior Designing Work

We are one of the leading interior designing solution providersz for shopping malls. The offered services are backed by 3D Computer visualization support that helps clients to understand building prototype. Further, our well defined and elaborate plans also assists clients in determining what the proposed venue will look like after the execution of all phases.

Services provided:

•        Site Surveys & Feasibility Studies

•        Fixture Design

•        Optimized Flooring Plan

•        Store Planning and Design

•        Production of Autocad Drawings

•        Optimization of space/floor plan

•        Optimized display, finishes, lighting

•        Optimized solutions for display of merchandise

Our services also include:

•        Designing storefront and signage

Designing plans for floors, lighting and other display related issues

 

 5. RCC designer

 

List of I.S. Codes generally required to be reffered for Building Design

7.1 The important I.S. Codes (with their latest editions/ amendments) to be referred to for design of building are as follows :
(i) I.S. 456-1978 : Code of practice for plain and reinforced concrete .
(ii) I.S. 800-1962 : Code of practice for use of structural steel in general building constriction.
(iii) I.S. 875-1987 : Designs loads other than (part I toV) earthquake for building Design.

Part-I : Dead loads .
Part-II : Imposed loads .
Part-III : Wind loads .
Part IV : Snow loads .
Part V : Special loads and load combinations.

(iv) I.S. 1080-1965 : Code of practice for design and construction of shallow foundation in soils (other than Raft, Ring and shell )
(v) I.S:1642-1988 : Fire safety of Bldgs. (General) Detail 3 of construction.
(vi) I.S.: 1643-1988: Code of practice for Fire safety of Bldgs(General) Exposure Hazard.
(vii) I.S. 1644-1988 : Code of practice for Fire safety of Bldgs(General) Exit requirements and personal Hazards.
(viii) I.S. 1888-1972 : Methods of load test on soils.
(ix) I.S. :1893-1984 : Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures.
(x) I.S : 1904-1986 : Code of practice for design & construction of pile foundation in soil structural safety of building foundation.
(xi) I.S. 2911-1990 : Code of practice for design and construction of pile (Part I to IV) foundation.
(xii) I.S. 2950-1981 : Code of practice for design and construction of raft foundation.
(xiii) I.S. 3370-1965 : Code of Practice for water retaining structures .
(xiv) I.S. 3414-1987 : Code of Practice for Design and Installation of joints in buildings.
(xv) I.S. 4326-1993 : Code of practice for earthquake resistant design of structure .
(xvi) I.S. 6403-1981: Code of practice for Determination of bearing pressure of shallow foundation .
(xvii) I.S. 13920-1993 : Code of practice for ductility detailing of reinforced concrete structures subjected to seismic forces .
I.S. Codes are also available for design of special types of structures like folded plate ,shell structures etc. Refer publication list of BIS for the same .
Similarly there are special publications of I.S. which are useful for design of buildings such as .

(i) SP-16 : Design Aids to I.S. : 456-1978
(ii) SP-22 : Explanation to I.S. : 1893 & I.S. :4326.
(iii) SP-23 : Concrete Mix .
(iv) SP-24 :Explanation of I.S. 456-1978.
(v) SP-25 : Cracks in buildings and their repairs .
(vi) SP- 34 : Detailing in R.C.C. structures .
(vii) SP-38 : Design of steel trusses .

Besides above mentioned I.S. Codes ,Hand Book for R.C. Member " (Limit State Design ) Vol .I and II by P.L. Bongirwar and U.S. Kalgutkar ,published by P.W.D. (Govt.of Maharashtra) is very useful .

For general instructions regarding carring out R.C.C. works in field refer to Design Circle’s Technical Note No . 7502 and 7503 are kept at page 46 and page 59. respectively .

For aspects which are not covered by any other I.S. codes available, relevant British Standard Codes may be referred to .

7.2 While designing R.C.C. structures, important provisions of I.S. codes must be borne in mind . Some of the important provisions of I.S. :456-1978 are as follows.

7.2.1 The code has been divided into 6 sections.

Section-I : General .
Section-II : Material, Workmanship, inspection and testing .
Section-III : General Design requirements for structural members and systems .
Section-IV : Special Design requirement for structural members and systems.
Section-V : Structural Design .(Limit State Method ).
Section-VI : Structural Design (Working Stress Method ).

7.2.2 General Provisions.

Clause No. 19 : Deals with stability of the structure against overturning and sliding.
Clause No. 25.2.1 : Development length of bars.
Clause No. 25.3.1 : Minimum distance between individual bars .
Clause No.25.3.2 : Maximum distance between bars in tension .
Clause No.25.4 : Cover to reinforcement .
Clause No.26 : Expansion joints .

7.2.3 Provision regarding slabs :

Clause No.21.2 : Effective span.
Clause No.21.4.1 : Arrangement of live load .
Clause No.21.5 : Moment and shear co-efficient for continuous beams .
Clause No.22.2 : Control of deflection.
Clause No.23.1 : Provisions regarding solid slabs .
Clause No. 25.5.2.1 : Minimum reinforcement.
Clause No.25.5.2.2 : Maximum diameter.

7.2.4 Provisions regarding beams :

Clause No.21.2 : Effective span
Clause No.21.4.1 : Arrangement of live load .
Clause No. 21.5 : Moment and shear co-efficient for continuous beams.
Clause No. 22.2 : Control of deflection.
Clause No. 22.3 : Slenderness limits for beams.
Clause No. 25.5.1.1 : Requirement of tensile reinforcement for beams .
Clause No. 25.5.1.2 :Compression reinforcement.
Clause No. 25.5.1.3 : Side face reinforcement.
Clause No.25.5.1.5 : Maximum spacing of shear reinforcement.
Clause No.25.5.1.6 : Minimum shear reinforcement.
Clause No.25.5.1.7 : Distribution of torsion reinforcement.

7.2.5 Provisions for columns;

Clause No.24.1.2 : Short and slender compression members .
Clause No.24.1.3 : Unsupported length .
Clause No.24.2 : Effective length of compression members.
Clause No.24.3 : Slenderness limits for columns .
Clause No.24.4 : Minimum eccentricity .
Clause No.25.5.3 : Longitudinal reinforcement.
Clause No. 25.5.3.2 : Transverse reinforcement.
Clause No.42.2 : Cracking Consideration .

7.2.6 Provisions for footings :

Clause No. 33.1.2 : Thickness at the edge of footing .
Clause No.33.4 : Transfer of load at the base of column .

Other references /Literature generally referred to are

(i)         Reinforced Concrete Designer’s Hand Book by Reynolds & Steelman.
(ii) Limit State Theory & Design of Reinforced Concrete by Karve and shah .
(iii) Hand Book of Reinforced Concrete Design (I.S.:456-1978)by Karve .
(iv) Limit State Design of Reinforced Concrete by Vergis .

 

8. General practice followed in Design Circle :

(i) The loading to be considered for design of different parts pf the structure including wind loads shall be generally as per I.S. 875-1987 (Part I to IV) and I.S. 1893-1984 (seismic loads )with there latest amendments .

(ii) Live load for sanitary block shall be 200 kg/m2.

(iii) Lift machine room slab shall be designed for live load of 1000 kg/m2 .

(iv) Lift load shall be considered as per relevant I.S. codes as per capacity of lift and the same shall be increased by 100% for impact while designing .

(v) Loading due to electrical installation e.g. AC. ducting , exhaust fans etc.shall be got confirmed from the Executive Engineer, electrical wing of P.W. Department .

(vi) Seismic loads shall be as per I.S. 1883-1984 and I.S. 4326-1993. The method of analysis and values of various parameters shall be taken as per relevant provisions of codes .

(vii) Ductility provisions specified in I.S. 4326-1993 and I.S. 13920-1993 shall be adopted in design, if the value of (Alpha h) is greater than or is equal to 0.05.

(viii) Any other loads which may be required to be considered in the designs due to special type or nature of the structure shall be got approved in advance from the Superintending Engineer .

(ix) Deduction in dead loads for opening in walls need not be considered.

(x) Unless otherwise specified ,the weight of various materials shall be considered as given below .

(a) Brick masonry :1920kg/m3

(b) Reinforced cement concrete : 2500kg/m3

(c) Floor finish : 100kg/m3

(d) Brick Bat Coba of 112mm thickness

laid on terrace for water proofing treatment : 200kg/m2

(a) Brick Bat Coba in bath &W.C. depending on

thickness of water proofing treatment : 1920 kg/m3

(xi) The analysis shall be carried out separately for dead loads, live loads, seismic loads, wind loads . All the structural components shall be designed for the worst combination of the above loads as per relevant codal provisions.

(xii) In case of tall building, if required Model analysis shall be done for horizontal forces, as per I.S. : 1893 and I.S. 875 (Part III).

(xiii) Minimum reinforcement in all structural members shall be as per relevant clause I.S. 456-1978.

(xiv) The R.C.C. detailing in general shall be as per SP:34 .

(xv) High Yield Stress Deformed bars shall be used for main reinforcement .Mild Steel bars are used only as distribution steel .

(xvi) Diameter of bars in footings shall be not less than 10 mm .

(xvii) Spacing of stirrups in beams shall not exceed 30cm.

(xviii) Thickness of slab shall not be less than 10cm and in toilet blocks not less than 15cm.

(xix) Depth of beam shall not be less than 23cm .

(xx) Spacing of ties in columns shall not exceed 30cm.

(xxi) The longitudinal bars in columns shall not be less than 12mm in diameter

 

12. Guidelines for fixing the Slab Directions :

(I) Slab shall be designed as one way slab if ratio of Ly to Lx is more than 2 and two way slab, if the ratio is equal or less than 2.

Where Lx is shorter span and Ly is longer span of the slab.

(II) However as per Designs Circle practice slabs up to 2.5m spans may be designed as one way slabs .

(III) Canopy, Chajja, balcony slabs are generally provided as cantilever slabs.

(IV) W.C. slab is generally made sloping or sunk by about 50cm .below general floor level for Indian type water closet .Slabs for toilet block and Nahani slab are generally sunk by 20cm. below general floor level .

(V) Staircase waist slab shall be generally one way slab .

(VI) Loft slabs over toilets are generally supported on partition walls of toilet and W.C.Loft load should be considered while designing the beams supporting these walls